The goals of treating SCD are to relieve pain and to prevent infections, eye damage, and strokes. • There is no single best treatment for […]
Welcome To S.C.A.R.
We are here to spread knowledge of Sickle Cell Trait and Sickle Cell Disease as well as inspire and empower those affected by Sickle Cell Disease.
What Is Sickle Cell Disease?
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. • Healthy red blood cells are round and they move through small blood vessels carrying oxygen to all parts of the body. • In SCD, the red blood cells become hard and sticky and look like a C-shaped farm tool called a “sickle”. • Sickle cells die early, which causes a constant shortage of red blood cells.
What Causes Sickle Cell Disease?
Abnormal hemoglobin, called hemoglobin S, causes sickle cell disease (SCD). The problem in hemoglobin S is caused by a small defect in the gene that directs the production of the beta globin part of hemoglobin. SCD is inherited in the same way that people get the color of their eyes, skin, and hair. • A person with SCD is born with it. • People cannot catch SCD from being around a person who has it.
Who Is Affected By Sickle Cell Disease?
• It is estimated that Sickle Cell Disease affects 90,000 to 100,000 people in the United States, mainly Blacks or African Americans. • The disease occurs among about 1 of every 500 Black or AfricanAmerican births and among about 1 out of every 36,000 HispanicAmerican births. SCD affects millions of people throughout the world.
What Health Problems Does Sickle Cell Disease Cause?
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